Pronunciation of the vowels in English
Vowels in English Phonetics
November 7, 2018
English pronunciation rules
December 5, 2018
Basic vocabulary in English

Basic vocabulary in English

Here, let’s study some of the basics of English. We are going to look at some greetings, as well as the basic verbs and nouns you need to know. All the verbs and nouns selected here have been chosen since they are the most common and frequently used in English.


Basic English Greetings


There are all sorts of different ways to greet people. Here we see some of the most popular and useful expressions for greeting friends or other people in relaxed situations. These expressions are used for people you know, usually colleagues, friends and family. You may use other expressions if you work in a hotel or go to formal business meetings. These phrases are just for daily conversation.


Saying ‘hello’


  • Hey Mark!
  • Hi John!
  • Alright, Tim!
  • Alright, Lucy!


Asking someone how they are


  • How are you?
  • How you doing?
  • How you going?
  • How’s it going?
  • You alright?

Saying you are well

  • Good, thanks!
  • Fine, thanks!
  • Not bad, not bad!
  • Alright, thanks!
  • I’m OK!


Returning the question when someone has asked if you are well


  • And you?
  • How about you?
  • What about you?


Basic English Verbs


Here is a list of the 25 most commonly used words in English that are verbs. It is in alphabetical order from A to W. Verbs are very important to learning a language, as with them you can describe actions and states of being. Also, you can say when an action happens: now, in the past or in the future. Even with just 25 common verbs with some other word types, you can say and communicate many things in English. So this list is well worth learning. Look up in your dictionary any words you don’t know in the examples. For examples in English we use the Latin abbreviation ‘e.g.’.


  • ask e.g. ask a question
  • be e.g. be happy or sad
  • become e.g. become angry at someone
  • begin e.g. begin a class
  • call e.g. call a friend on your phone
  • can e.g. can or cannot play tennis well
  • come e.g. come home
  • do e.g. do some shopping
  • feel e.g. feel happy
  • find e.g. find something lost
  • get e.g. get a good score
  • give e.g. give a present
  • go e.g. go to a museum
  • have e.g. have a headache
  • hear e.g. hear a noise
  • help e.g. help someone cross the road
  • like e.g. like chocolate or ice cream
  • live e.g. live at home
  • make e.g. make a dinner
  • play e.g. play football
  • run e.g. run fast in the park
  • say e.g. say ‘Hi’ to someone
  • see e.g. see someone in front of you
  • travel e.g. travel to different places
  • want e.g. want some shoes for a present


Basic English Nouns


Here is a list of the 25 most common nouns in English. It is in alphabetical order from A to W.  Nouns give you a good way to talk about the people, places, and things around you. However, too many English students focus on memorizing long lists of nouns in the beginning. It’s easy to get carried away, learning the names of all the animals at the zoo, all the tools in your toolbox, or all the types of clothing in your wardrobe. While you may eventually learn all those nouns, mastering a shorter, more targeted list is a better use of your time. You can always look up more precise nouns as you need them. After all, how often do you need to talk about ‘mini skirts’ or ‘hedgehogs’?


  • book e.g. This is my English book.
  • child e.g. This is my child. She’s my daughter.
  • country e.g. Which country do you come from?
  • day e.g. There are seven days in a week.
  • fact e.g. I am tall. This is a fact.
  • family e.g. I live with my family.
  • home e.g. My home is in London.
  • job e.g. What’s your job?
  • life e.g. I love my life.
  • man e.g. Richard is a man.
  • money e.g. I don’t have much money.
  • month e.g. This month is November.
  • mother e.g. That is my mother. She’s lovely.
  • night e.g. I like to go to bed late at night.
  • number e.g. What’s your phone number?
  • people e.g. How many people do you live with?
  • problem e.g. What’s the problem? How can I help?
  • question e.g. What’s the question?
  • school e.g. I go to an English school.
  • student / study e.g. I am a student. I study English.
  • time e.g. What’s the time?
  • week e.g. I work four days a week.
  • woman e.g. Sarah is a woman.
  • word e.g. I forgot the word for…
  • Check this video about Greetings, Verbs and Nouns


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